Dead sea facts

20 Dead Sea Facts you really want to know

You probably know that the Dead Sea is the lowest point on Earth but there are a number of other interesting Dead Sea facts. For example did you know that it isn’t really a sea, it’s a saltwater lake. Here are other Dead Sea facts worth knowing.

dead-sea-dry-wood-with-salt

Dead Sea Facts – salt and minerals

1. The Dead Sea is not the most saline body of water in the world. Don Juan Pond in the Antarctic has 40% salinity; Garabogazkol Lagoon in Turkmenistan has 35% salinity, Lake Assal in Djibouti has 34.8% and only after these comes the Dead Sea with 33.7% salinity. It is the high salinity that keeps swimmers buoyant.

2. The high saline content is what makes the sea uninhabitable, and thus “Dead” as there is no marine life or sea vegetation in the Dead Sea.

3. Salt is extracted from the Dead Sea for medicines, vitamin supplements and industry. The TMO Salt Company extracts salts for sale as natural table salt and for use in bath salts.

4. The minerals in the Dead Sea include calcium, potassium, sodium chloride and bromide among others.

5. It is a Dead Sea fact that the dry air in the region is rich in bromine and magnesium; has a low pollen and allergen counts and elevated atmospheric pressure. This makes it beneficial to people with breathing ailments, like asthma.

6.There is reduced ultraviolet solar radiation in the area (as it is further from the sun and filtered by elements in the air) making it a Dead Sea fact that sun bathing here is less harmful to the skin than in other parts of the world.

7. Potassium from the Dead Sea is used in fertilizer sold around the world.

8. The Dead Sea is approximately 8.6 times saltier than the ocean.

 9. It is a Dead Sea fact that the Dead Sea waters are beneficial for a range of skin conditions like psoriasis, hives and acne as well as other ailments like stress, dandruff and cellulite.

View point to the Dead sea

Dead Sea Facts – history and culture

10. The sea is thought to have been formed about 3 million years ago.

11. Aristotle mentioned the Dead Sea.

12. In the past the sea has been called the Stinky Sea, Lake Asphaltites (by the Greeks as Asphalt can rise to the surface) and in Hebrew the literal translation of the name of the sea is Salt Sea. In the Bible it is referred to as the Sea of Arabah, a healing spring and the Plains Sea.

13.The Dead Sea is referred to in the Bible – Ezekiel 47:8; Zechariah 14:8; Chapters II 20; Samuel I 24:1; Genesis 14:3 and 14:10; Joshua 3:16; Deuteronomy 3:17 and Kings 14:25.

14. Cleopatra knew of the Dead Sea’s health and beauty benefits as did Herod the Great. The Egyptians would splash Dead Sea water on the mummies to give them a “lively” look and use asphalt in the embalming process brought from the Dead Sea.

Best desert View point near the Dead sea

Dead Sea Facts – geography

15. The Dead Sea is 423 meters below sea level.

16. The Dead Sea is the deepest hyper-saline lake in the world at 377 meters deep.

17. The landlocked Dead Sea is located in the Great Rift Valley which stretches for 6,400km from Syria to Mozambique through 20 countries.

18. The Dead Sea’s source of water is the Jordan River which flows into the Dead Sea from the northern but there is no exit point for the water, and so the terminal lake is formed.

19. The Dead Sea is shared by Israel and Jordan to the east. On the Jordanian side there are also resorts along the shores of the Dead Sea.

20. The Dead Sea is 67km long from north to south and 18km wide at its widest point.